在傳統與現代文化下教養子女July 28, 2017
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What is Child Abuse? (中文)
Child abuse is any act of omission or commission that endangers or impairs a child’s physical or mental health and development. In various races and different cultures, it is generally accepted that parents should love and care for their children. Yet in some circumstances, it is prevalent in our society that some children are being neglected; or abused.
- Physical abuse: non-accidental physical injuries which exceed reasonable child disciplines.
- Sexual abuse: sexual interference; invitation to sexual touch; procuring sexual activities from a child, etc.
- Emotional abuse: emotional harm result from constant yelling, rejection, isolation, terrorization.
- Neglect: failure to provide basic needs such as adequate food, clothing, sleep, safety, supervision or medical treatment.
- Adopt more positive means of parenting. Discard some traditional Chinese values such as punishment. Such an idea is used to produce filial piety and obedience which were considered the principal virtue and fundamental obligation of any child. The fact is that children who have experienced excessive child disciplines may become rebellious and frustrated. Apart from ruining the parent-child relationship, there will often be long lasting and detrimental effects upon the child’s growth and development.
- Do not believe that “Parenting is a family matter and it has nothing to do with others.” The sample fact is that we should all care about children. Any act which creates substantial risk or harm to a child is against the law. Perpetrators (which may include a child’s parents, family members or other caregivers) are liable to be held legally responsible. Everyone is responsible for reporting child abuse or neglect when there are reasonable grounds to even suspect a child may be in need of protection. Delay in reporting abuse can place a child at further risk.
- Mandated by the Child & Family Services Act, with the responsibility of providing protection for children in need, Children’s Aid Societies (CAS) work closely with families, foster homes, courts, police and other community service agencies to promote the best interests of the children they serve.
What should you do if a child discloses abuse?
- It is important for you to keep calm, accept and trust the child. Encourage the child to tell you what happened in his/her own words, let the child know what has happened is not his/her fault. Assure the child that you will try your best to help them.
- After a disclosure of abuse or neglect, contact the police or Children’s Aid Society (CAS) as soon as possible.
- 不要認為「管教子女是家事，與其他人無關。」事實是我們每個人都應該關心兒童。凡是危及或傷害兒童都是犯法的。施虐者 (包括兒童的父母、家人或照顧他/她的任何人仕) 需要負法律上的責任。任何人都有責任立刻舉報虐待兒童以及疑似有兒童被傷害或忽略的事件。延誤舉報可能令兒童陷於更加不利的處境。
資料來源：Chinese Family Services of Ontario 家和專業輔導中心